Low Frequency Electromagnetism as an Effective Method for the Control of Zebra Mussel Infestation

Major Goals and Objectives

  • Investigate the application of extremely low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic (EM) radiation as an effective method for the control of zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha)
  • Monitoring the survival of zebra mussels in water which has been irradiated by an ELF EM field via the
    efflux of the metal ions Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+ and K+ from zebra mussels exposed to the field
  • Developing quantitative mathematical models will to interpret the experimental findings

Research Information

Principal Investigator:
Matthew Ryan
Initiation Date:
Completion Date:
Purdue University Calumet


Matthew Ryan
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