Tracking Fish in Downtown Chicago
Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant, Shedd Aquarium, and Purdue University Forestry and Natural Resources are studying fish behavior in the Chicago River. Using acoustic tags, researchers seek to better understand how fish move about the river and respond to various restoration initiatives.
In June 2023, researchers began their Chicago River Acoustic Telemetry Array project by equipping 80 fish with acoustic tags, including largemouth bass, common carp, and bluegill. These tags send out a unique ID code into the water. Receivers in the water “listen” for nearby tagged fish and store the ID of the tag as well as the date and time. Scientists can use these data to better understand the behavior of fish in the Chicago River.
Like many of the world’s urban rivers, the Chicago River has been channelized, straightened, deepened, and tied to the city’s sewer system. What makes it unique is that over 70% of its flow is from the discharge of effluent from wastewater treatment plants, which allow it to flow over a continental divide, often giving it the name “the backward river.” A deeper understanding of fishes in these impacted waterways and how they respond to changes in the system not only yields insights into functional habitat restoration in Chicago, but across other urban systems as well.
Fish tracking through acoustic telemetry can help researchers understand how fish are using certain restoration initiatives — such as artificial floating islands — as well as identify critical spawning habitat, key overwinter areas, movement patterns, and home-ranges.
This research is funded by the Natural Resources Conservation Service.
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